China is generally considered one of the greatest challenges facing NATO member states in the 21st century. Much attention has been paid to China’s decades-long meteoric economic rise which has also fuelled a massive military buildup. During the 2010s, China became increasingly assertive in its geopolitical neighbourhood, raising alarms in numerous capitals. In recent years, China’s growing interference in domestic affairs of countries around the world has attracted growing international attention, while Chinese technology is quickly catching up – or even leading – in key domains, such as 5G, AI, big data, surveillance, space, and others.
In this paper, CEIAS researcher Richard Q. Turcsanyi along with AMO’s Filip Sebok delve into the area of China’s strategic narratives and examines what China’s story is, who is it aimed at, and how China’s narratives potentially affect its status and behaviour in the international system.